Solanum carolinense L.
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle
Solanaceae (Potato Family)
USDA Symbol: SOCA3
Star-like, white or pale lavender flowers with yellow centers are in lateral clusters on a prickly, erect stem.
A coarse, native, deep-rooted perennial, it is considered a weed by some, yet the flowers are attractive. Deep hoeing is needed to eradicate the underground stems, and gloves must be worn while handling the plant. This plant is not related to the true nettles. Silverleaf Nettle (S. elaeagnifolium), a very similar plant with silvery foliage, occurs in the western United States east to Missouri and is adventive further east. Buffalo Bur (S. rostratum), an annual with bright yellow flowers, is naturalized from the western United States as a weed in fields.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Southern Ontario to New England and New York; south to Florida; west to Texas; north to Nebraska.
Native Habitat: Fields, waste places, gardens.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0909 Collected Jun 26, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0956 Collected Sep 18, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 80 - Illinois Wildflowers (2002) John Hilty
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solanum carolinense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solanum carolinense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solanum carolinense
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-28
Research By: TWC Staff