Senna wislizeni (A. Gray) Irwin & Barneby
Canyon Senna, Shrubby Senna, Dwarf Senna, Wislizenus's Senna, Wislizenus's Wild Sensitive-plant, Carrozo, Pinacate, Palo Prieto, Pinacatillo, Hojasťn, Ejotillo
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Cassia wislizeni
USDA Symbol: SEWI3
Senna wislizeni, a deciduous shrub, is usually 4-6 ft. tall but can reach 10 ft. Short, rigid, leafy branches are lined with compound foliage arranged spirally on spurs. Large, yellow flowers crowd together in 6 in. clusters at the end of the branches. A long, flat, dark-brown pod succeeds the flowers.
This plant's brilliant yellow flowers make an attractive contrast to the foliage.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Size Notes: 6-12 feet.
Size Class: 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to s.e. AZ & much of the northern half of Mexico as far south as Puebla in central Mexico
Native Habitat: Dry slopes; mesas
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Well-drained, igneous soils.
Conditions Comments: A showy cassia. Brilliant yellow flowers make an attractive contract to the foliage. Dependable in poor soil and fairly drought-tolerant.
BenefitWarning: Plants of this genus (and herbal remedies derived from them) can cause poisoning and fatal illness in humans. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Senna wislizeni in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Senna wislizeni in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Senna wislizeni
MetadataRecord Modified: 2021-01-02
Research By: TWC Staff