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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Schwalbea americana (Chaffseed)
Cressler, Alan

Schwalbea americana

Schwalbea americana L.


Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Synonym(s): Schwalbea americana var. australis, Schwalbea australis


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , KY , LA , MA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , NY , SC , TN , TX , VA

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q2I4
Status: Endangered
Historic Range: U.S.A. (AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NC, NJ, NY, SC, TN, VA)
Critical Habitat: N/A
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1988 VOL. 5, NO.3 - Wildflowers in Bloom, Education and Tours, Poppies Brighten Barren Places, Pamel...
Wildflower Newsletter 1989 VOL. 6, NO.2 - Wildflower Network Operates in Louisiana, Wildflower Handbook Published, Researc...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Schwalbea americana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Schwalbea americana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Schwalbea americana


Record Modified: 2022-12-15
Research By: SET

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