Rhus virens var. choriophylla
Rhus virens Lindh. ex A. Gray var. choriophylla (Woot. & Standl.) L.D. Benson
Mearn Sumac, Evergreen Sumac
Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)
Synonym(s): Rhus choriophylla, Rhus virens ssp. choriophylla
USDA Symbol: RHVIC
Evergreen sumac low shrub, growing to about 9 ft. in height. The few branches are maroon-brown and velvety. They bear pale-green, pinnate, evergreen leaves. Creamy-white flowers occur in small, terminal and axillary clusters. They are followed by a velvety-red fruit.
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Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to s.e. AZ & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry slopes & hillsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: More drought-tolerant than R. virens. Native sumacs make attractive specimen, hedge or background plants and are important wildlife plants. They are fast growing, generally insect and disease-free, and drought-tolerant.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Treated seed and root cuttings are used for increase.
Seed Treatment: Rhus seeds germinate poorly without pretreatment. Scarification in acid or hot water is necessary and seeds of many species require cold-moist stratification after scarification.
Commercially Avail: yes
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rhus virens var. choriophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhus virens var. choriophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhus virens var. choriophylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-08-08
Research By: TWC Staff