Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Rhus virens var. choriophylla
Rhus virens Lindh. ex A. Gray var. choriophylla (Woot. & Standl.) L.D. Benson
Mearn Sumac, Evergreen Sumac
Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)
Synonym(s): Rhus choriophylla, Rhus virens ssp. choriophylla
USDA Symbol: RHVIC
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Evergreen sumac low shrub, growing to about 10 ft. in height. The few branches are maroon-brown and velvety. They bear pale-green, pinnate, evergreen leaves. Creamy-white flowers occur in small, terminal and axillary clusters. They are followed by a velvety-red fruit.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to s.e. AZ & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry slopes & hillsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: More drought-tolerant than R. virens. Native sumacs make attractive specimen, hedge or background plants and are important wildlife plants. They are fast growing, generally insect and disease-free, and drought-tolerant.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Treated seed and root cuttings are used for increase.
Seed Treatment: Rhus seeds germinate poorly without pretreatment. Scarification in acid or hot water is necessary and seeds of many species require cold-moist stratification after scarification.
Commercially Avail: yes
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rhus virens var. choriophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhus virens var. choriophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhus virens var. choriophylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff