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Rhododendron prunifolium (Plumleaf azalea)
Cressler, Alan

Rhododendron prunifolium

Rhododendron prunifolium (Small) Millais

Plumleaf Azalea

Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Synonym(s): Azalea prunifolia

USDA Symbol: RHPR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Plum-leaf azalea grows 8-20 ft. high and produces 4- to 5-flowered clusters of orange-red to red, funnel-shaped flowers with protruding stamens. Distinctly shiny, dark-green foliage.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


Native Distribution: S.e. AL & s.w. GA
Native Habitat: Sandy ravines along stream banks

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: Good cultural practices reduce the incidence of disease and insect damage.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Bumble Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Combine seeds loosely with sphagnum moss and sprinkle lightly over a 2:1 perlite/peat mixture. Optimum temperatures for germination are 45-50 degrees. Transplant seedlings to acid soil with a high content of organic matter. Cultivated evergreen azaleas
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Rhododendron prunifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhododendron prunifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhododendron prunifolium


Record Modified: 2023-04-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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