Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:

Rhamnus lanceolata

Rhamnus lanceolata Pursh

Lanceleaf Buckthorn, Lance-leaf Buckthorn

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A large shrub or small tree with hairy twigs and persistent, glossy, narrowly oval leaves. Small, greenish-yellow, four-petaled, bell-shaped flowers occur in sparse, axillary clusters. Pea-sized fruits are first green, then red, finally shiny-black.


From the Image Gallery

No images of this plant

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NE , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: PA & IN to SD, s. to AL & TX
Native Habitat: Open, wooded slopes; thickets; limestone exposures

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Calcareous, rocky soils.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1985 VOL. 2, NO.3 - Greenhouse Assists Research, Wild color on the Hills, Director's Report, Clearin...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Rhamnus lanceolata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhamnus lanceolata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhamnus lanceolata


Record Modified: 2023-05-08
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back