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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Quercus georgiana (Georgia oak)
Cressler, Alan

Quercus georgiana

Quercus georgiana M.A. Curtis

Georgia Oak

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: QUGE

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Georgia oak is a small, slow growing tree with a compact crown reaching a normal high of 26 feet (7.9 m), occasionally reaches 75 feet (22.9 m). BARK: gray to light brown, mature bark becomes scaly. TWIGS and BUDS: smooth red twigs with prominent light brown lenticels; buds are reddish-brown, ovoid with smooth scales that may be ciliated. LEAVES: petiole 1⁄4 - 7⁄8 inch (6 - 22 mm) long, usually with a few hairs; leaf blade broadly elliptical and thin, 1 1⁄2 - 5 1⁄8 inches (38 - 130 mm) long, 3⁄4 - 3 1⁄2 inches (19 - 89 mm) wide, with a cuneate or obtuse base, margin with 3 - 5 pointed bristle- tipped lobes; surface is a shiny green above, pale green below with axillary tufts of tomentum.

Georgia oak was originally described from specimens collected on Stone Mountain in Georgia. This species is a conservation concern and listed as threatened by the Smithsonian Report. The largest known Georgia oak grows in Clarke County, Georgia.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Leaf Margin: Lobed
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Leaf: Shiny green above, pale green below
Fruit: Acorns biennial; short-stalked cup, thin walled and saucer-shaped, outer surface slightly pubescent with smooth inner surface, covering 1⁄3 of the nut; brown subglobular nut, 3⁄8 - 1⁄2 inch (10 - 13 mm) in length.
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May

Distribution

USA: AL , GA , SC
Native Distribution: Alabama east to South Carolina.
Native Habitat: Restricted to granitic outcrops and dry slopes in the Piedmont Plateau at approximately 1700 feet (518 m) elevation; found in the oak-pine forest types associated with Q. montana, Q. marilandica, and Q. stellata.

Bibliography

Bibref 1134 - Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America (2003) Stein, John D. and Denise Binion

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Quercus georgiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Quercus georgiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Quercus georgiana

Metadata

Record Modified: 2017-11-14
Research By: DEW

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