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Polygala senega (Seneca snakeroot)
Cressler, Alan

Polygala senega

Polygala senega L.

Seneca Snakeroot

Polygalaceae (Milkwort Family)

Synonym(s): Polygala senega var. latifolia

USDA Symbol: POSE3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

The white-flowering Seneca Snakeroot (Polygala senega) has an elongated cluster of tiny, white flowers and lanceolate to ovate leaves.


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


USA: AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , ND , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , ON , QC , SK

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Polygala senega in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polygala senega in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polygala senega


Record Modified: 2023-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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