Polygala sanguinea L.
Polygalaceae (Milkwort Family)
Synonym(s): Polygala viridescens
USDA Symbol: POSA3
Tiny, pink to rose or greenish flowers in a dense, cylindrical, head-like cluster, with floral bracts beneath the flowers that persist on stem when flowers fall. Underground root gives off wintergreen odor when crushed.
A least a dozen species of Milkworts occur with pink or white flowers. A somewhat similar pink-flowering species, Racemed Milkwort (P. polygama), is a perennial with a looser floral cluster. It also produces a different kind of flower, one that does not open, on whitish, subterranean, horizontal branches. The white-flowering Seneca Snakeroot (P. senega), has an elongated cluster of tiny, white flowers and lanceolate to ovate leaves. These species are typical of dry, often sandy, or rocky woods.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario to Nova Scotia; south through New England to South Carolina; west to Tennessee and Louisiana; north to Oklahoma and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Damp grasslands.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Polygala sanguinea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polygala sanguinea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polygala sanguinea
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-05-15
Research By: TWC Staff