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Polygala ramosa (Low pinebarren milkwort)
Cressler, Alan

Polygala ramosa

Polygala ramosa Elliott

Low Pinebarren Milkwort, Yellow Savanna Milkwort

Polygalaceae (Milkwort Family)

Synonym(s): Polygala balduinii var. chlorgena, Pylostachya ramosa

USDA Symbol: PORA2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Yellow Savanna Milkwort grows 6-20 inches tall, with leaves 1 inch long and 1/4 inch wide. Flower clusters are numerous on short branches near the end of the stem, giving the plant a flat top of bright yellow. Flowers are less than 1/8 inch long. Roots exude a spicy fragrance.

Other species of milkwort with flat-topped clusters include Tall Milkwort (P. cymosa), a larger plant to 4' (1.2 m) tall with yellow flowers and narrow, mostly basal leaves, and Baldwin's Milkwort (P. balduinii), also known as White Bachelor's Button, with white flowers; both species are found in the southeastern United States.


From the Image Gallery

9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Grows 6-20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AL , DE , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: Maryland south to Florida and west to Texas.
Native Habitat: Marshes, pine-barren swamps, and low ground.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Polygala ramosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polygala ramosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polygala ramosa


Record Modified: 2023-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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