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Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
Planer Tree, Water Elm
Ulmaceae (Elm Family)
USDA Symbol: PLAQ
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Planer tree or Water elm is a small, deciduous tree, often with sprouts near the base. Its spreading branches form a low, broad crown to 40 ft. in height. Reddish-brown, scaly, flaky bark covers the short trunk. Dull-green leaves are asymmetrically elm-like.
This distinctive and uncommon small tree is the only species of its genus; however, fossil relatives have been found in Eurasia. Dedicated to Johann Jakob Planer (1743-89), German botanist and professor of medicine.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain from s.e. NC & n. FL to e. TX; n. in Mississippi Valley to s. IL
Native Habitat: Swampy areas; alluvial floodplains; river banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy or gravelly, moist, seasonally wet soils.
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Planera aquatica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Planera aquatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Planera aquatica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-11-09
Research By: TWC Staff