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Pinus glabra (Spruce pine)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Pinus glabra

Pinus glabra Walter

Spruce Pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)


USDA Symbol: PIGL2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Spruce pine is a 100 ft. evergreen with bark unlike that of other pines. At first smooth and gray, it later becomes closely ridged, suggestive of spruces. Needles are short, 1-4 in., and in bundles of two.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Fascicled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 100 feet.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AL , DC , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain from SC to n. FL & s.e. LA
Native Habitat: Rich woods & hammocks; coastal plain bottomlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Spruce pine is considered an excellent ornamental for the southeastern U.S.


Description: Propagate by seed.
Seed Treatment: Pretreatment is usually not necessary, but germination of pine seeds exhibiting dormancy can be hastened by cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus glabra in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus glabra


Record Modified: 2013-09-05
Research By: TWC Staff

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