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Pinus glabra Walter
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
USDA Symbol: PIGL2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Spruce pine is a 100 ft. evergreen with bark unlike that of other pines. At first smooth and gray, it later becomes closely ridged, suggestive of spruces. Needles are short, 1-4 in., and in bundles of two.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Fascicled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 100 feet.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , DC , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain from SC to n. FL & s.e. LA
Native Habitat: Rich woods & hammocks; coastal plain bottomlands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Spruce pine is considered an excellent ornamental for the southeastern U.S.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed.
Seed Treatment: Pretreatment is usually not necessary, but germination of pine seeds exhibiting dormancy can be hastened by cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus glabra in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus glabra
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-05
Research By: TWC Staff