Pinus contorta var. contorta
Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon var. contorta
Beach Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Shore Pine
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
Synonym(s): Pinus contorta ssp. contorta
USDA Symbol: PICOC
Shore Pine (Pinus contorta var. contorta), the Pacific Coast variety of Pinus contorta, is a small tree with spreading crown; thick, furrowed bark; short leaves; and oblique cones pointing backward, opening at maturity but remaining attached.
It is highly adaptable at low to mid elevations from coastal British Columbia south to northern California.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Fascicled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , OR , WA
Native Habitat: Riparian
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Loam
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus contorta var. contorta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus contorta var. contorta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus contorta var. contorta
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-07
Research By: TWC Staff