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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Pinus contorta var. contorta

Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon var. contorta

Beach Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Shore Pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Synonym(s): Pinus contorta ssp. contorta


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

Shore Pine (Pinus contorta var. contorta), the Pacific Coast variety of Pinus contorta, is a small tree with spreading crown; thick, furrowed bark; short leaves; and oblique cones pointing backward, opening at maturity but remaining attached.

It is highly adaptable at low to mid elevations from coastal British Columbia south to northern California.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Fascicled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AK , CA , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Riparian

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Loam

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus contorta var. contorta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus contorta var. contorta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus contorta var. contorta


Record Modified: 2022-10-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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