Pinckneya bracteata (W. Bartram) Raf.
Fevertree, Pinckneya, Feverbark, Poinsettia Tree, Georgia Bark
Rubiaceae (Madder Family)
Synonym(s): Pinckneya pubens
USDA Symbol: PIBR6
Fevertree or pinckneya is a large, open shrub or small tree, growing 10-30 ft. high. Large, coarse, rich-green leaves are concentrated at branch ends. Flowers are yellowish-green and tubular with five, reflexed lobes. The showy part of the floral display, however, is the white, pink or rose sepals that become petal-like and reminiscent of poinsettias. Rich-green foliage.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: FL , GA , SC
Native Distribution: SC to FL
Native Habitat: Low woods; margins of sloughs, swamps & streams
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Loose, moist, fertile soil.
Conditions Comments: Like many other wetland plants, pinckneya grows in wet areas not because it reqires such conditions but because wet soil minimizes competition from upland plants. Under cultivation, this tree responds well to fertile, well-drained soil, where it suckers less and grows more slowly. Short-lived and pest free. Not cold-hardy. Flowers remain effective for several weeks.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by fall-sown seeds or cuttings from young plants.
Seed Collection: Seed capsule is brown with obvious white scales and splits across the apex. Gather after the seeds have fallen and allow to dry until they begin to split.
Seed Treatment: Seeds require no pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Georgia Native Plant Society - Atlanta, GA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Research LiteratureReslit 2710 - Systematics, typification, distribution, and reproductive biology of Pinckneya bracteata (Rubiaceae) (1996) P. G. Delprete
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinckneya bracteata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinckneya bracteata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinckneya bracteata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2016-07-08
Research By: TWC Staff