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Penstemon baccharifolius Hook.
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: PEBA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Clustered spikes of cherry-red, tubular flowers line the 1-1 1/2+ ft. stalks of this almost shrubby perennial. Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue or Rock Penstemonís dark-green leaves are thick and toothed, and sometimes are quite hairy.
This beardtongue attracts hummingbirds and is browsed by deer.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Native Distribution: Central and west Texas south into Chihuahua
Native Habitat: Limestone crevices & bluffs. Limestone bluffs of the Edwards Plateau and Trans-Pecos. Well-drained limestone.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
Soil Description: Well-drained, limestone soils. Rocky, Gravelly, Sandy, Limestone-based.
Conditions Comments: Clustered spikes of cherry-red, tubular flowers line the stalks of this almost shrubby perennial. Baccharis-leaf beardtongue or rock penstemon's dark-green leaves are thick and toothed, and sometimes are quite hairy. This beardtongue attracts hummingbirds and is browsed by deer.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Take cuttings on new growth in spring or on cut back plants in the nursery. Pot up rooted cuttings right away as they decline fast under the mist. Works from seed too, but grows very slowly and seed is hard to collect.
Seed Treatment: Germination is best with cold-moist stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Drought tolerant rock penstemon can be cut back to maintain a dense, bushy shape. Good drainage is critical to avoid root rot. Protection from direct west sun is helpful. Avoid overwatering.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Tohono Chul Park, Inc. - Tucson, AZ
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MLE-007 Collected 2005-08-31 in Terrell County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
LBJWC-MLE-7 Collected 2009-09-01 in Terrell County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1990 VOL. 7, NO.6 - Members Respond to Grasslands Appeal, Wildflower Center Opening Midwest Regional...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Penstemon baccharifolius in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Penstemon baccharifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Penstemon baccharifolius
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff