Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Palafoxia hookeriana (Sand palafox)
Carr, Bill

Palafoxia hookeriana

Palafoxia hookeriana Torr. & A. Gray

Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Asteraceae (Aster Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Sand Palafox grows 16-40 inches tall and is unbranched except for the numerous flower stems on the upper third. It is lightly covered with hair, and somewhat sticky. Leaves are 4 inches long or less and 3/4 inch wide. Flower heads have 8-12 rose-colored ray flowers, deeply 3-toothed and about 1/2 inch long, and many rose-colored disc flowers (248).

This genus is named after José de Palafox y Melzi, Duke of Saragossa (1776–1847), a Spanish captain-general, in the war against the invading armies of Napoleon.

The species is named for William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865), who was Director of Kew Gardens from 1841-1865. He wrote “Flora boreali-americana” and many other works. He was founder and editor of “Journal of Botany”.


From the Image Gallery

57 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Commonly up to about 40 inches tall. Occasionally found up to almost 6 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


Native Habitat: Dunes

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based
Conditions Comments: Sand palafox is unbranched except for the numerous flower stems. It is lightly covered with hair, and somewhat sticky. Flower heads have 8–12 rose-colored ray flowers. Blooming can be increased and prolonged by prunning and dead heading.


Use Ornamental: Wildflower meadow, Rocky hillside
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes


Propagation Material: Seeds

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1321 Collected 2009-09-27 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Palafoxia hookeriana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Palafoxia hookeriana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Palafoxia hookeriana


Record Modified: 2022-12-30
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back