Parthenocissus heptaphylla (Buckley) Britton ex Small
Sevenleaf Creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper
Vitaceae (Grape Family)
Synonym(s): Ampelopsis heptaphylla, Psedera heptaphylla, Vitis heptaphylla
USDA Symbol: PAHE4
Resembling Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) but much less common, limited to the Edwards Plateau and Lampasas Cut Plain of Central Texas, where it is endemic; tendrils without disks, leaflets narrower, thicker, and shorter than in Virginia Creeper, up to 2 1/2 inches long, and turning color later in the fall. Leaflets usually 7 in number, but may be 5 or 6.
Seven-leaf Creeper looks very much like and has similar growing requirements to Virginia Creeper, the latter having five leaflets instead of seven. Vine found on soil underlain with limestone. Both species show orange and red fall color when grown in the sun. May be used as a climbing vine or trailing groundcover, though it is less likely to climb up walls the way Virginia Creeper does because it lacks adhesive disks. Reported to be a less aggressive grower than Virginia Creeper.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Palmate
Leaf Shape: Oblanceolate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Leaf Texture: Smooth
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Size Notes: to 10 meters (circa 30 feet)
Leaf: Green, turning red or orange in fall
Autumn Foliage: yes
Flower: Flowers in 4-8 cm corymbs
Fruit: Dark blue to black 1 cm
Size Class: 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Native Distribution: Endemic to Edwards Plateau and Lampasas Cut Plain of central Texas: Bell, Lampasas, Williamson, Brown, Hamilton, and Burnet counties.
Native Habitat: Climbing on vegetation in rocky or sandy soils in woods and river bottoms.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Conditions Comments: Seven-leaf creeper has similar growing requirements to Virginia creeper.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A groundcover or twining climber for central Texas, with glossier leaves and bushier stature than, but otherwise similar appearance to Virginia Creeper.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Softwood Cuttings
Description: Roots easily from softwood stem cuttings approximately pencil-width. Cut in spring or early in summer for fall.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0203 Collected Apr. 6, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 481 - How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest: Revised and Updated Edition (2001) Nokes, J.
Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country (1981) Lynch, D.
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Parthenocissus heptaphylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Parthenocissus heptaphylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Parthenocissus heptaphylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-11-17
Research By: DIEHL, WFS, GDG