Oenothera elata Kunth
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: OEEL
A tall, erect, usually unbranched stem with large yellow flowers in a raceme.
Common Evening-primrose (O. biennis), found throughout most of the United States, has similar erect stems, but its petals are less than 1 (2.5 cm) long. Both are closely related to the Garden Evening-primrose (O. erythrosepala), scattered in the wild from western Washington to California, which is a taller plant, with redder sepals, paler petals about 1 1/2 (3.8 cm) long, and crinkled leaves.
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Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , KS , MT , NM , NV , OK , OR , TX , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: Eastern Washington to Baja California; east to western Texas and southern Colorado; south as far as Panama
Native Habitat: Open slopes, road banks, and grassy areas from the plains well into the mountains.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1989 VOL. 6, NO.2 - Wildflower Network Operates in Louisiana, Wildflower Handbook Published, Researc...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Oenothera elata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Oenothera elata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Oenothera elata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-06-04
Research By: TWC Staff