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Nyctaginia capitata (Devil's bouquet)
Terrell, Alan C.

Nyctaginia capitata

Nyctaginia capitata Choisy

Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Nyctaginaceae (Four O'clock Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

36 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Accessory
Size Notes: Stems erect to spreading, up to about 3 feet long.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Flowers open in cool of evening and close in the hot sun of the next day.


Native Habitat: Sandy, loamy or caliche soils along roadsides and in fields, mainly in the southern half of Texas.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High

Mr. Smarty Plants says

Need plants with red flowers to grow in shaded area in yard in Austin.
May 04, 2010
I have a shaded area where all the shrubs die. I would like to plant some flowers there instead of shrubs. What red flower plants can sustain a lot of shade.
view the full question and answer

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 1104 Collected May 28, 1991 in Bexar County by Harold C. Walker
NPSOT 0473 Collected Jun 30, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0157 Collected May 21, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
NPSOT 0952 Collected Sep 1, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0723 Collected Aug 4, 1992 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

5 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium


Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Webref 79 - Wildflowers of New Mexico (2020) George Oxford Miller

Additional resources

USDA: Find Nyctaginia capitata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Nyctaginia capitata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nyctaginia capitata


Record Modified: 2023-02-20
Research By: LMD, MAC

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