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Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn.
Baby Blue Eyes, Menzies Baby Blue Eyes
Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf Family)
USDA Symbol: NEME
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (I)
A small, trailing annual, 6 in. tall and 1 ft. wide, Menzies baby-blue-eyes is well-known for its bright-blue, five-petaled, bowl-shaped flowers with white centers. These occur in clusters at branch tips. The branches and deeply cut leaves are hairy.
One of the most charming and best-known spring wildflowers in California, it is often included in commercial wildflower seed mixtures and has been cultivated in England for more than a century. Closely related is the equally delightful Fivespot (N. maculata) of central California, with white petals, each with a large blue-violet spot at the base.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , NV , OR
Native Distribution: Willamette V., OR; Coast Ranges through CA south into Baja California
Native Habitat: Mt. meadows; moist woods; cool, north slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, fertile soils.
Conditions Comments: This is a quick and easy annual which does best if given afternoon shade.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Broadcast seed in fall in warm-winter areas; spring in cold-winter areas. Cool temperatures (less than 70 degrees) are necessary for uniform germination. Darkness for the first 3 days also improves uniformity.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Nemophila menziesii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Nemophila menziesii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nemophila menziesii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff