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Nassella leucotricha (Trin. & Rupr.) Pohl
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Stipa leucotricha
USDA Symbol: NALE3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Plant: Tufted Inflorescense: Loose panicle 6-25 cm. long with long, slender lower branches. Blades: 10-30 cm. long and 1-4 mm. broad, pubescent with short, stiff hairs on one or both surfaces. Culms: 30-120 cm. tall, often geniculate-spreading at base.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AR , LA , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: North and central Texas, north to Oklahoma, south to northern Mexico.
Native Habitat: Prairies, brushy areas, roadsides and disturbed areas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Calcareous, sandy, clayey. Thrives on disturbed soils.
Conditions Comments: Open grassland sites, prairies, roadsides. Not shade tolerant.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Good for early spring forage.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval food for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: High
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0707 Collected Apr 1, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0300 Collected Apr 26, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-0012 Collected 2006-05-05 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Nassella leucotricha in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Nassella leucotricha in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nassella leucotricha
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-25
Research By: TWC Staff