Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Morella caroliniensis (Southern bayberry)
Smith, R.W.

Morella caroliniensis

Morella caroliniensis (Mill.) Small

Southern Bayberry, Swamp Bayberry, Swamp Candleberry

Myricaceae (Bayberry Family)

Synonym(s): Cerothamnus caroliniensis, Myrica caroliniensis, Myrica heterophylla, Myrica heterophylla var. curtissii

USDA Symbol: MOCA7

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Bluish white.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , PA , SC , TX , VA
Native Habitat: dry or moist thickets and woods, bogs

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Clay, Loam, Sand


Attracts: Birds

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Morella caroliniensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Morella caroliniensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Morella caroliniensis


Record Modified: 2023-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back