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Marshallia graminifolia (Grassleaf barbara's buttons)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Marshallia graminifolia

Marshallia graminifolia (Walter) Small

Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: MAGR6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

In late summer and early fall, Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons puts out sweetly fragrant, white blooms above its tidy leaves. The rest of the year, its rosette of low-growing green foliage can provide foreground accents for other blooms.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall, often shorter.
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flower 1 inch
Fruit: Brown. Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Pinkish to pale lavender to purple, rarely white.


USA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TX
Native Distribution: North Carolina to Georgia, mostly on the coastal plain.
Native Habitat: Pine savannas and low-lying, moist areas.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium , High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Acidic


Use Ornamental: A decorative plant for the moist garden.
Use Wildlife: Attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

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Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Marshallia graminifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Marshallia graminifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Marshallia graminifolia


Record Modified: 2022-12-29
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