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Lithospermum viride

Lithospermum viride Greene

Green Stoneseed, Green Gromwell

Boraginaceae (Borage Family)


USDA Symbol: LIVI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Lanceolate , Oval
Leaf Pubescence: Scabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acute
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Inflorescence: Raceme , Terminal
Size Notes: Height to 1 m (Bibref 293) - typically, 30-45 cm (Webref 11).
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Corollas greenish-yellow. (Bibref 293).


Native Distribution: Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and the Mexican states of Coahuila and Nuevo Leon.
Native Habitat: Middle elevation Pinon Pine stands on moist ridges. (Webref 11). In Texas, usually in limestone areas in the Glass, Del Norte, Chiso and Guadalupe mountains in the Trans-Pecos. (Bibref 293).

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes


Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 11 - Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness (2012) Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences & the Dale A. Zimmerman Herbarium

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lithospermum viride in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lithospermum viride in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lithospermum viride


Record Modified: 2012-09-18
Research By: JAM

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