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Lilium michiganense (Michigan lily)
Smith, R.W.

Lilium michiganense

Lilium michiganense Farw.

Michigan Lily, Turk's Cap Lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s): Lilium canadense ssp. michiganense, Lilium canadense var. umbelliferum, Lilium michiganense var. uniflorum

USDA Symbol: LIMI9

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Michigan Lily or Turk’s Cap Lily is a 2-6 ft., single-stemmed perennial with sword-like leaves arranged in whorls. The stem often branches at the tip to form additional flower stalks. Orange flowers, up to 3 in. across, have petals that curve backward - almost to the base of the flower. Dark spots mark the inner surface of the six petals.


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Fruit: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MI , MN , MO , MS , NE , NY , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , WI
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: S.e. NH to WI, s. to FL, AL & AR
Native Habitat: Wet meadows; low ground

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Deep, fertile, moist, cool soil.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Separate scales from central core of bulb and plant. Transplant in fall. To propagate by seed, layer the seed in dampened sphagnum or peat in a sealable container. Seal and store at room temperature 6-8 weeks. Small bulblets will develop. Store in re
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lilium michiganense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium michiganense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium michiganense


Record Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff

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