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Lilium michiganense Farw.
Michigan Lily, Turk's Cap Lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Lilium canadense ssp. michiganense, Lilium canadense var. umbelliferum, Lilium michiganense var. uniflorum
USDA Symbol: LIMI9
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Michigan Lily or Turk’s Cap Lily is a 2-6 ft., single-stemmed perennial with sword-like leaves arranged in whorls. The stem often branches at the tip to form additional flower stalks. Orange flowers, up to 3 in. across, have petals that curve backward - almost to the base of the flower. Dark spots mark the inner surface of the six petals.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MI , MN , MO , MS , NE , NY , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , WI
Native Distribution: S.e. NH to WI, s. to FL, AL & AR
Native Habitat: Wet meadows; low ground
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Deep, fertile, moist, cool soil.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Separate scales from central core of bulb and plant. Transplant in fall. To propagate by seed, layer the seed in dampened sphagnum or peat in a sealable container. Seal and store at room temperature 6-8 weeks. Small bulblets will develop. Store in re
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lilium michiganense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium michiganense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium michiganense
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff