Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Lilium michauxii (Carolina lily)
Cressler, Alan

Lilium michauxii

Lilium michauxii Poir.

Carolina Lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s): Lilium carolinianum, Lilium fortunofulgidum, Lilium superbum var. carolinianum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Reaching 1-4 ft. in height, Carolina Lily bears up to six reddish-yellow, spotted, nodding flowers with petals that curve backward - almost to the base of the flower. The leaves of this perennial are mostly whorled.


From the Image Gallery

15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KY , LA , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain, s.e. VA to LA, also in the mts. in VA & WV
Native Habitat: Drier, upland woods & thickets

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought tolerant.


Description: Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection with usually germinate in the fall and overwinter as tiny bullbs, resuming
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FAC FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lilium michauxii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium michauxii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium michauxii


Record Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back