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Lilium catesbaei Walter
Pine Lily, Southern Red Lily, Catesby's Lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
USDA Symbol: LICA4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A 2-3 ft. perennial with alternate, narrow, ascending leaves. The single, terminal flower is erect; the petals and similar sepals are curved backward and are orange toward the tip, yellow and purple-spotted toward the base.
Catesby’s Lily is a member of the lily family (family Liliaceae). Lilies are mostly perennial herbs from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. The family is extremely complex, and botanists estimate 250 genera and 4,000-6,000 species. Many, including tulips and day lilies, are handsome ornamentals. Asparagus, Sarsaparilla, onions, and the medicinally useful Aloe are from the family.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Flower: Flowers 5 to 6 inches across.
Fruit: 2 inches.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from s.e. VA to s. MS & LA
Native Habitat: Wet pinelands, savannas, coastal plains, & bogs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Wet, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Likes moist soils. Tolerates flooding in winter.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Valued for brilliant scarlet-orange flowers in late summer.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection with usually germinate in the fall and overwinter as tiny bulbs, resuming
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 2700 - Restoration of Florida pine savanna: Flowering response of Lilium catesbaei to fire and roller-chopping (2000) J. M. Huffman, P. A. Werner
Reslit 2701 - Microhabitat effects on the distribution, life-state and fecundity of Lilium catesbaei: A fire-adapted perennial of the southeastern Coastal Plain (2004) M. J. Elswick, K. M. Penney, G. A. Fox
Reslit 2702 - Reproductive synchrony in Catesby's lily, Lilium catesbaei (2004) K. M. Penney, G. A. Fox
Reslit 2703 - Inferring microhabitat preferences of Lilium catesbaei (Liliaceae) (2011) K. P. Sommers, M. Elswick, G. I. Herrick, G. A. Fo...
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lilium catesbaei in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium catesbaei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium catesbaei
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff