Lactuca floridana (L.) Gaertn.
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: LAFL
A loose cluster of numerous blue (sometimes whitish) flower heads atop a leafy stem; sap milky.
There are several species of lettuce with blue flower heads, among them a more western species, Large-flowered Blue Lettuce (L. tatarica var. pulchella), with larger and fewer flower heads than this species and foliage covered with white waxy bloom. Tall Blue Lettuce (L. biennis), found from southern Canada south to North Carolina and west to Iowa, has crowded clusters of flower heads and tan fruit bristles.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual , Biennial
Root Type: Tap
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Canada: MB , ON
Native Distribution: Manitoba and Ontario; Massachusetts south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to South Dakota and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Rich woods, thickets, and clearings.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
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View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lactuca floridana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lactuca floridana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lactuca floridana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-10-02
Research By: TWC Staff