Krameria lanceolata Torr.
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany
Krameriaceae (Krameria Family)
Synonym(s): Krameria secundiflora, Krameria spathulata
USDA Symbol: KRLA
This is not the sandbur of the Grass Family; however, its burs are just as spiny, though densely covered with white hairs. The flowers and short silky leaves grow on prostrate branches, up to 2 feet long, from a thick woody root. The 5 wine-red sepals may be mistaken for the petals, which are smaller and tinged with green, the upper 3 being united. The flowers are about 1 inch broad. Not conspicuous or abundant.
One of the common names "sandbur" comes from the hard, one-seeded, wooly fruit covered with barbless spines.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AR , AZ , CO , FL , GA , KS , NM , OK , TX
Native Habitat: Distribtution is from Kansas to Arizona and south to Chihuahua and Texas. Widespread over Texas, missing only from the wettest, densest pine forests of east Texas.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
BenefitUse Wildlife: Two petals of the flower of this species produce oils which are collected by members of the bee genus, Centris and fed to their larvae. Centris spp. are the primary pollinators of Krameria lanceolata.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Collect seed in summer when fruit is brown and sharp.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0062 Collected May 19,1990 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
NPSOT 0214 Collected May 6, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0147 Collected Apr 26, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1169 Collected 2008-06-24 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Krameria lanceolata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Krameria lanceolata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Krameria lanceolata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-09-12
Research By: NPIS