Juniperus pinchotii Sudw.
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper, Texas juniper, Christmasberry juniper
Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)
Synonym(s): Juniperus erythrocarpa, Juniperus monosperma var. pinchotii, Juniperus pinchotii var. erythrocarpa, Juniperus texensis
USDA Symbol: JUPI
Large shrub or small tree to 20 ft. Multi-trunked, often forming a dense clump. Evergreen shrub or small tree, usually with several branches from ground, sometimes with single trunk and broad, irregular crown. Coppery-brown fruit. Fragrant foliage.
This juniper was named in honor of Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946), first chief of the United States Forest Service. It is well displayed at Palo Duro State Park near Canyon, Texas, where it was discovered. The hardy plants will sprout from stumps after cutting or burning. The wood is used principally for fenceposts and fuel.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Feb
DistributionUSA: NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: C. TX to s.e. NM & w. OK
Native Habitat: Gravelly or rocky sites in high plains; arroyos; canyons; talus slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky, Gypseous, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam Clay
Conditions Comments: Invades disturbed sites.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive, Erosion control, Ground cover
Use Wildlife: Seeds-Small mammals, Seeds-granivorous birds.
Larval Host: Juniper hairstreak butterfly.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Juniper Hairstreak |
Learn more at BAMONA
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MLE-11 Collected 2009-11-13 in Terrell County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Juniperus pinchotii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Juniperus pinchotii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juniperus pinchotii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-11-11
Research By: TWC Staff