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Juncus canadensis (Canadian rush)
Smith, R.W.

Juncus canadensis

Juncus canadensis J. Gay ex Laharpe

Canadian Rush, Canada Rush

Juncaceae (Rush Family)

Synonym(s): Juncus canadensis var. euroauster, Juncus canadensis var. sparsiflorus

USDA Symbol: JUCA3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

Widespread rush difficult to find under cultivation. Stout and rigid stems with spreading bloom and numerous small flowers.

A member of the family Juncaceae which includes herbs, rarely shrubs, with mostly grass-like leaves, usually in a basal tuft, and small greenish or brownish flower in dense spikes or heads or sometimes in loose clusters or even solitary.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Fruit Type: Capsule
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Brown

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jul


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Habitat: fresh to slightly brackish tidal and nontidal marshes, swamps, wet shores

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Clay, Loam, Sand


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Juncus canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Juncus canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juncus canadensis


Record Modified: 2018-03-08
Research By: TWC Staff

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