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Jatropha dioica var. graminea (Leatherstem)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Jatropha dioica var. graminea

Jatropha dioica Cerv. var. graminea McVaugh

Leatherstem, Bloodroot, Sangre De Drago

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The leaves, when present, are 1-1 1/4 inches long, in clusters on short, lateral branches. The plant is 18-24 inches tall, with reddish-brown stems that are extremely flexible, almost impossible to break. The small, cream-colored flowers, 1/4 inch across, supported by red sepals, grow in clusters at the end of the stems. Flowers are urn-shaped, flaring out into 5 tiny lobes. The staminate and pistillate flowers are on separate plants. It is said that if the plant is pulled up, it exudes a reddish liquid, causing it to be known as "bloodroot".


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 24 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun



Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry


Interesting Foliage: yes


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Jatropha dioica var. graminea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Jatropha dioica var. graminea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Jatropha dioica var. graminea


Record Modified: 2023-01-10
Research By: TWC Staff

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