Indigofera miniata Ortega
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Indigofera leptosepala, Indigofera miniata var. florida, Indigofera miniata var. leptosepala, Indigofera miniata var. miniata, Indigofera miniata var. texana
USDA Symbol: INMI
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Fruit Type: Legume
Size Notes: Stems prostrate, up to about 2 feet long.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KS , LA , OK , TX
Native Habitat: Abundant in open areas of the eastern two thirds of Texas. Well-drained sand, loam, clay, caliche.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Conditions Comments: Scarlet pea is not a constant bloomer, but when it does the flowers are impressive! The flowers are a striking salmon pink. Being a low growing, trailing plant, it works nicely tucked among short vegetation such as Hairy tridens.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Relished by deer and grazed by livestock.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Grey Hairstreak, Common Dogface, Reakirt's Blue
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in late summer, fall when pods turn brown.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Blooms all summer. Cut back lightly to encourage blooms.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0065 Collected May 19, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
NPSOT 0787 Collected Apr 27, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0228 Collected June 3, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Indigofera miniata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Indigofera miniata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Indigofera miniata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-30
Research By: TWC Staff