Hymenocallis occidentalis var. occidentalis
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Leconte) Kunth var. occidentalis
Northern Spiderlily, Carolina Spiderlily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Hymenocallis bidentata, Hymenocallis caroliniana, Hymenocallis moldenkiana, Pancratium carolinianum
USDA Symbol: HYOCO
Carolina spider-lily is a smooth, fleshy or succulent perennial,1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. tall. Fragrant, white, spider-like, blossoms, up to 7 in. across, occur in clusters of up to six at the top of leafless stalks. The leaves are pale-green, shiny, and up to 2 ft. long.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S. IN to s. MO, s. to the Gulf
Native Habitat: Swamps; moist fields; bottomlands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, wet soils.
Conditions Comments: One bulb will multiply to form a dense clump. Good in wet, boggy settings and in water gardens. Foliage dies back in mid-summer.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Poisonous to many animals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Divide small bulbs from base of mature bulbs. Can also be propagated by seed planted shallowly.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hymenocallis occidentalis var. occidentalis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenocallis occidentalis var. occidentalis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenocallis occidentalis var. occidentalis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-11-20
Research By: JAM