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Hymenocallis latifolia

Hymenocallis latifolia (Mill.) M. Roem.

Perfumed Spiderlily, Perfumed Spider-lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s): Hymenocallis caymanensis, Hymenocallis collieri, Hymenocallis keyensis, Hymenocallis kimballiae, Pancratium latifolium

USDA Symbol: HYLA5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Strap-like, leathery, evergreen leaves, often 2 1/2+ ft. in length, arise in rosettes from a large bulb. The flowering stalk arises from the center of the plant and extends beyond the leaves. Ten to sixteen delicate, white flowers are borne at the end of the stalk. Each flower is composed of a slender tube 5-6 in. long which terminates as six narrow 5 in. petals curving back from the center.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


Native Distribution: S. FL & the Keys
Native Habitat: Higher sites in mangrove swamps

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich soil.
Conditions Comments: A surprisingly adaptable plant.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL UPL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Hymenocallis latifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenocallis latifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenocallis latifolia


Record Modified: 2023-02-14
Research By: TWC Staff

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