Hymenocallis latifolia (Mill.) M. Roem.
Perfumed Spiderlily, Perfumed Spider-lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Hymenocallis caymanensis, Hymenocallis collieri, Hymenocallis keyensis, Hymenocallis kimballiae, Pancratium latifolium
USDA Symbol: HYLA5
Strap-like, leathery, evergreen leaves, often 2 1/2 ft. in length, arise in rosettes from a large bulb. The flowering stalk arises from the center of the plant and extends beyond the leaves. Ten to sixteen delicate, white flowers are borne at the end of the stalk. Each flower is composed of a slender tube 5-6 in. long which terminates as six narrow 5 in. petals curving back from the center.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: FL , TX
Native Distribution: S. FL & the Keys
Native Habitat: Higher sites in mangrove swamps
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich soil.
Conditions Comments: A surprisingly adaptable plant.
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Research LiteratureReslit 187 - The Phylogeny of the Southeastern United States Hymenocallis (Amaryllidaceae) Based on ISSR Fingerprinting and Morphological Data (2010) C. M. Bush, D. Rollins and G. L. Smith
Reslit 185 - Wetland Restoration and Invasive Species: Apple snail (Pomacea insularum) Feeding on Native and Invasive Aquatic Plants (2009) L. E. Burlakova, A. Y. Karatayev, D. K. Padilla, L...
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hymenocallis latifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenocallis latifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenocallis latifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-11
Research By: TWC Staff