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Hypericum hypericoides (St. andrew's-cross)
Brundage, Stephanie

Hypericum hypericoides

Hypericum hypericoides (L.) Crantz

St. Andrew's-cross

Clusiaceae (Mangosteen Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N)

The flowers are distinctive, 4 bright yellow petals that form a cross, and the bark is exfoliating and reddish.


From the Image Gallery

10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Shape: Oblanceolate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Inflorescence: Axillary , Terminal
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Growth form varies. Often shrub-like, up to about 5 feet tall. Sometimes mat-forming, up to about 1 foot tall.
Leaf: Green
Flower: Sepals 4
Fruit: Reddish-brown

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: The four petals form a cross.


USA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-MM-764 Collected 2010-09-05 in Caldwell County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

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Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Research Literature

Reslit 917 - Effects of Fire on Plant Community Composition of North Florida Second Growth Pineland (1992) D. W. Mehlman
Reslit 2427 - A Vegetation Classification of Fire-Dependent Pinelands of Florida (2010) Susan C. Carr, Kevin M. Robertson and Robert K. Pe...
Reslit 2456 - Microtopography and woody plant regeneration in a hardwood floodplain swamp in Florida (1990) Jonathan Harold Titus

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Hypericum hypericoides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hypericum hypericoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hypericum hypericoides


Record Modified: 2023-02-14
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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