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Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Hepatica nobilis Schreb. var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm.
Sharplobe Hepatica, Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Mountain Hepatica
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)
Synonym(s): Anemone acutiloba, Hepatica acuta, Hepatica acutiloba, Hepatica triloba var. acuta
USDA Symbol: HENOA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Pink, white or purple blossoms arise in early spring on the fuzzy, 4-8 in. stems of Sharp-lobed Hepatica. The leaves, which grow from ground level on their own hairy stems, appear after the flowers have blossomed. They are three-lobed, pointed and evergreen until the following spring.
Round-lobed Hepatica (H. nobilis var. obtusa) is similar in appearance except the leaves' three lobes are rounded rather than pointed.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 8 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: ME to MN, s. to FL & n. AR (absent from Atlantic coast areas)
Native Habitat: Rich, usually deciduous, woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Basic, humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Will tolerate somewhat dry conditions but too much sun will damage the leaf edges.
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds
Description: Seeds should be planted outside immediately after collection. Seeds are hard to collect, so an alternate propagation method is fall division. Clumps, however, are slow to increase. When dividing a clump, it is best to leave 2-3 buds in each division.
Seed Collection: Approximate collection date in northern U.S.: Mid to late May
Seed Treatment: Seeds require cold treatment for optimum germination. Moist stratify if stored over winter.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 928 - 100 easy-to-grow native plants for Canadian gardens (2005) Johnson, L.; A. Leyerle
Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hepatica nobilis var. acuta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hepatica nobilis var. acuta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-13
Research By: TWC Staff