Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Geranium carolinianum (Carolina geranium)
Brundage, Stephanie

Geranium carolinianum

Geranium carolinianum L.

Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)


USDA Symbol: GECA5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Carolina cranesbill is a much-branched and sprawling, pubescent annual or biennial, usually no taller than 1 ft. Leaves are palmately five-parted, these divisions being cleft or lobed again. Five-petaled, pale pink or white flowers occur in loose terminal clusters.

Cranesbill is a member of the geranium family (family Geraniaceae). Geraniums are leafy herbs with showy white, pink, or purple flowers in clusters. There are about 11 genera and nearly 800 species, with many occurring frequently in the north temperate zone.


From the Image Gallery

15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: May be up to about 2 feet tall. Usually no more than 1 foot tall.
Fruit: Shaped like an upraised crane's bill.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , ON , SK
Native Distribution: Scattered from New England to WI & B.C., s. across the US to FL & then south to central Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry, hard fields; rocky woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Can become weedy.


Description: Propagate by seed.
Seed Treatment: Seed does not require pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0697 Collected Mar 11, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0748 Collected Apr 3, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth White

2 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Web Reference

Webref 75 - Southwest Desert Flora (2020) Southwest Desert Flora
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Geranium carolinianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geranium carolinianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geranium carolinianum


Record Modified: 2023-01-24
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back