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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Geranium arboreum

Geranium arboreum A. Gray

Hawaii Red Crane's-bill, Hawaii Red Cranesbill, Hawaiian Red-flowered Geranium, Hinahina, Nohoanu

Geraniaceae (Geranium family)

Synonym(s): Neurophyllodes arboreum

USDA Symbol: GEAR

USDA Native Status: HI (N)

Believed to be the only geranium pollinated by birds. Curved flowers are adapted to fit the bill of Hawaiian honeycreepers.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall.
Fruit: Shaped like an upraised crane's bill.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Magenta.

Distribution

USA: HI
Native Distribution: Listed as endangered in the United States.
Native Habitat: Gulches in subalpine shrubland.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q1WL
Status: Endangered
Historic Range: U.S.A. (HI)
Critical Habitat: 17.96(a)
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.

Bibliography

Bibref 1798 - Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition (1999) Wagner, W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 43 - Hawaiian Native Plant Genera (2006) University of Hawaii

Additional resources

USDA: Find Geranium arboreum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geranium arboreum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geranium arboreum

Metadata

Record Modified: 2020-12-21
Research By: CBR

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