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Gentianella amarella (Autumn dwarf gentian)
Reveal, James L.

Gentianella amarella

Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner

Autumn Dwarf Gentian, Northern Gentian

Gentianaceae (Gentian Family)


USDA Symbol: GEAM3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

A leafy plant with angled, erect stems, commonly with erect branches, and small, trumpet-shaped, purplish, bluish, or pinkish flowers from near base to top.

This is one of the smaller, less showy gentians, but it often grows in dense, colorful patches. The genus name means "little gentian," reflecting its relationship to Gentiana, a genus within which it was once included.


From the Image Gallery

9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 30 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Lavender, white or yellow.


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , ID , ME , MN , MT , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , UT , VT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , NB , NS
Native Distribution: Alaska south and east across much of Canada to Atlantic Coast and northeastern United States, and south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, and North Dakota.
Native Habitat: Meadows and moist areas, mostly in mountains.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Gentianella amarella in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Gentianella amarella in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gentianella amarella


Record Modified: 2023-04-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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