Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Fragaria chiloensis

Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

Beach Strawberry, Coast Strawberry, Chilean Strawberry

Rosaceae (Rose Family)


USDA Symbol: Frch

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), AK (I), HI (N), CAN (N)

This species includes subspecies that are North American natives. However, it also includes subspecies that are not native to North America, e.g. Fragaria chiloensis ssp. chiloensis, Beach Strawberry. Non-native taxa are not treated in this database.

Shiny, dark-green, trifoliate leaves arise from the creeping, horizontal runners or this large-flowered, wild strawberry. A low plant connected to others by runners, at least when young, often growing in patches, with white flowers on stalks slightly shorter than leaves. The white, five-petaled flowers are followed on the female plants by large, red berries. Beach strawberry or coast strawberry is a perennial.

The word strawberry comes from the Anglo-Saxon streawberige, referring to the berries "strewing" their runners out over the ground. This plant also grows in South America; Chilean plants of this species were the parents in the production of hybrid domestic strawberries. Several species of wild strawberries in the West strongly resemble Beach Strawberry but have thin leaflets.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate
Fruit Type: Accessory , Achene , Aggregate
Size Notes: Stems procumbent, up to about 10 inches long.
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Aggregated achenes set on the surface of the edible fruit.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AK , CA , HI , NY , OH , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Distribution: The Pacific coast of the Americas from Alaska south to Chile, plus a few Pacific islands including Hawaii. Probably spread by birds.
Native Habitat: Sandy, coastal areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Coast strawberry is quite drought tolerant. It is not as aggressive and considered more attractive than other wild strawberries, making it an ideal, sand-binding ground cover. This species is one parent of the cultivated strawberries.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds


Description: The easiest method of increase is to use offset plants produced by the numerous runners. Offsets should be planted with crown at ground level. Seeds may be sown.
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary, although 2 1/2-3 months stratification may hasten germination.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Fragaria chiloensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fragaria chiloensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fragaria chiloensis


Record Modified: 2023-02-10
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back