Fritillaria recurva Benth.
Scarlet Fritillary, Scarlet Missionbells
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Fritillaria coccinea, Fritillaria liliacea, Fritillaria recurva var. coccinea
USDA Symbol: FRRE
The narrow, glaucous leaves are borne well up the stalk and are topped by several bright scarlet, nodding, bell-like flowers, the petals often recurved and checked with yellow inside. A smooth, gray-green plant with most leaves near the middle of the stem and, hanging in an open raceme at top, 1-9 scarlet, narrowly bell-shaped flowers. Robust specimens reach 3 ft. in height.
One of the few red lilies in the West and the only red fritillary. Recurva refers to the recurved tips of the petal-like segments. However, in the inner parts of the northern Coast Ranges of California there occurs a brilliant red-flowered form whose petal-like segment tips are not recurved.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: CA , NV , OR
Native Distribution: S. OR to the inner Coast Ranges of Lake Co., CA, the Sierras of Nevada Co., CA & w. NV
Native Habitat: Rocky, brush covered slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: In the garden, fritillaries are often finicky, the bulbs are eaten by gophers, and the foliage is devoured by snails and slugs. In addition, plants often take a year or two off from flowering, making only a single, broad, tongue-shaped basal leaf during those times. To assure good flowering, one needs a colony of several bulbs.
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Fritillaria recurva in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fritillaria recurva in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fritillaria recurva
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff