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Fraxinus caroliniana

Fraxinus caroliniana Mill.

Carolina Ash, Pop Ash, Water Ash, Swamp Ash, Florida Ash, Poppy Ash

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

Synonym(s): Fraxinus caroliniana var. cubensis, Fraxinus caroliniana var. oblanceolata, Fraxinus pauciflora

USDA Symbol: FRCA3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Tree with 1, or sometimes more than 1, trunk, often enlarged at base and leaning, and a rounded or narrow crown.

Carolina Ash is the ash that ranges farthest to the southeast. Its large, broadly winged, flat keys are distinctive. The soft lightweight wood is not used commercially.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Fruit Type: Samara
Size Notes: Up to about 45 feet tall, often shorter.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: NE. Virginia to S. Florida and west to SE. Texas; to 500' (152 m); also a variety in Cuba.
Native Habitat: Wet soils of swamps and riverbanks flooded part of year; in swamp forests.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Fraxinus caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fraxinus caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fraxinus caroliniana


Record Modified: 2023-04-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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