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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Frangula californica

Frangula californica (Eschsch.) A. Gray

California Buckthorn, California Coffeeberry

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)


USDA Symbol: FRCA12

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I)

The California Coffeeberry is a member of the buckthorn family (family Rhamnaceae) which includes shrubs, woody vines, and small to large trees, rarely herbs, often spiny. About 700 species worldwide; 15 native and 3 naturalized tree, about 50 shrub, and 1 woody vine species in North America.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 18 feet tall, often shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AZ , CA , HI , NM , NV , OR

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Frangula californica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Frangula californica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Frangula californica


Record Modified: 2022-10-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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