Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.
Mountain Witchalder, Mountain Witch-alder, Large Fothergilla
Hamamelidaceae (Witch-Hazel Family)
USDA Symbol: FOMA
Mountain witch-alder or large fothergilla is a 6-12 ft., deciduous shrub with picturesquely crooked, multiple stems. Dense, dark blue-green, leathery foliage becomes colorful in fall. The fragrant flower, appearing as a mass of stamens, is white and occurs in thimble-like, terminal spikes after the leaves have appeared.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , GA , NC , SC , TN
Native Distribution: Scattered populations in the s.e. states
Native Habitat: Rich, mt. woods; rocky ravines; stream banks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Acid, gravelly loams.
Conditions Comments: This plant is tremendously disease and insect resistant. It fits well in a woodland garden of azaleas and rhododendrons. To get the best floral and fall foliage display, give fothergillas as much sunshine as possible. Always avoid very dry sites.
PropagationDescription: Semi-hardwood cuttings root with or without hormone. Rooted cuttings should not be moved until new vegetative growth is over an inch long or normal winter dormancy is completed. Sucker can be separated to increase the plant. Progagation by seed is tric
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed requires at least a six month warm-moist period, followed by a three month period of cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Fothergilla major in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fothergilla major in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fothergilla major
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff