Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Eriogonum annuum Nutt.
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)
USDA Symbol: ERAN4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Flower: Flowers 1/4 inch
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: White or cream to pale pink.
DistributionUSA: AR , CO , IL , IN , KS , MN , MT , ND , NE , NM , OK , SD , TX , WY
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Sandy, Gravelly
BenefitUse Ornamental: Rock gardens, Rocky hillside, Erosion control
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
BibliographyBibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Eriogonum annuum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eriogonum annuum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eriogonum annuum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-08
Research By: TWC Staff