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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Ephedra torreyana (Torrey joint-fir)
Flaigg, Norman G.

Ephedra torreyana

Ephedra torreyana S. Watson

Torrey Joint-fir, Torrey's Jointfir

Ephedraceae (Mormon-Tea Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious , Monoecious
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Brown
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr


USA: AZ , CO , NM , NV , TX , UT
Native Habitat: High elevation

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Saline tolerant, Rocky, Gypseous, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam Clay

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX


Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ephedra torreyana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ephedra torreyana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ephedra torreyana


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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