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Echinacea sanguinea (Sanguine purple coneflower)
Flaigg, Lillian G.

Echinacea sanguinea

Echinacea sanguinea Nutt.

Sanguine Purple Coneflower

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Synonym(s): Echinacea pallida var. sanguinea


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The graceful purple coneflower has an unbranched stem that grows to 4 feet tall. Leaves are alternate and usually near the base, 4-10 inches long and 1/4 inch wide. Upper leaves have long hairs. There is 1 flower head to each stem, with 10-20 ray flowers, often conspicuously drooping, rose-pink to pale purple, as much as 2 inches long and 1/8-1/4 inch wide. The center is cone-shaped, 1 inch in diameter, and 1/4-3/4 inch high, purplish-brown on the outside ring and greenish in the center.


From the Image Gallery

16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul


USA: AR , LA , OK , TX

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1067 Collected 2008-07-18 in Morris County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Echinacea sanguinea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinacea sanguinea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinacea sanguinea


Record Modified: 2022-12-26
Research By: TWC Staff

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