Echinocereus enneacanthus Engelm.
Pitaya, Strawberry Cactus, Banana Cactus, Cob Cactus, Purple Pitaya, Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Prostrate Hedgehog Cactus
Cactaceae (Cactus Family)
USDA Symbol: ECEN2
The cylindrical stems of the Strawberry Cactus are 3-30 inches long and 1 1/2-4 inches in diameter. They grow in loose clusters of a few to as many as 100. New stems grow as side branches, near the ground, so their first growth tends to be lateral, later turning upward, giving them a long, curling appearance. There are 7-10 ribs on each stem. The plant is bright green with a wrinkled appearance, looking withered in dry periods. The stems are often yellow-green in sunny locations. The tubercles are about 1/8 inch in diameter and 1/4-1 1/2 inches apart on mature stems. This cactus has fewer spines and shows more plant surface than most cacti. The purplish-red flowers are 2-3 inches long and about the same in diameter. They have 10-20 outer petals with pinkish, crinkled edges. The inner petals, 12-35, are in 1-3 rows. Anthers on the stamens are yellow, and the pistil has 8-12 lobes like most other Echinocereus species. The fruit is about 1 inch long, almost round, greenish to brown or purple.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Less than 1'
Flower: Flowers 2-2 1/2 inches long
Size Class: 0-1 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , Jul
Bloom Notes: diurnal
DistributionUSA: NM , TX
Native Distribution: Southwest Texas, southern New Mexico and Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas) (Webref 6)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Heat Tolerant: yes
BenefitUse Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Attractive, Desert landscape
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
BibliographyBibref 1140 - Cacti (1991) Clive Innes and Charles Glass
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Web ReferenceWebref 6 - Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database] (2018) USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Echinocereus enneacanthus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinocereus enneacanthus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinocereus enneacanthus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2021-01-26
Research By: TWC Staff, JAM