Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
Creeping Burhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword, Burhead, Creeping Water-plantain
Alismataceae (Water-Plantain Family)
Synonym(s): Echinodorus radicans
USDA Symbol: ECCO3
Another plant in the Water-Plantain Family, with blossoms resembling those of the arrowhead, grows under similar conditions: the burhead grows to 4 feet high and is often arched or lying on the ground.
Members of the Water-Plantain Family grow in water, in swamps, on muddy banks, or occasionally in wet sand. Each plant has long-petioled leaves in a clump with a flowering stem rising among them. The flowers have 3 green sepals, 3 white or pink-tinged petals, 6 or more stamens, and several pistils. Stamens and pistils may be in separate flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Obtuse
Leaf Base: Cordate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Stems arched, sometimes prostrate, up to about 4 feet long.
Flower: Flowers 12 mm
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Habitat: In mud and shallow water of ponds and quiet streams in East Texas. Sand, loam, or clay; moist soil or submerged in water.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Southern USA & MexicoCan be cultivated in a frost-free garden pond. This plant has a thick rhizome & dense root system. In an aquarium setting is best kept in a poor medium & low light to assure it remains submersed
Conditions Comments: A pond plant with delicate white flowers atop arching stalks, burhead is suitable to use in ponds or containers. It blooms steadily through the summer.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Echinodorus cordifolius in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinodorus cordifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinodorus cordifolius
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-07
Research By: TWC Staff, TMH, JSC